Comparing the Effectiveness of IV Bezlotoxumab Versus Placebo in Decreasing Morbidity and Mortality in Patients With Fulminant C. Diff Requiring Surgery.
A new medication, Bezlotoxumab, has been approved for treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile diarrhea by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The way this new medication works, is by binding the toxin produced by C. difficile bacteria and preventing damage to the large bowel. The toxin, and not the bacteria, is responsible for the damage, resulting in the clinical symptoms seen in patients. Sometimes, the infection can make a patient severely ill with organ failure and death. If severe enough, the infection requires surgery to remove the large bowel and allow the patient a better chance at recovery. Even with surgery and removal ...
Comparison of Azathioprine to Methotrexate in Combination Therapy With Adalimumab in Crohn's Disease: an Open-label Randomized Controlled Trial
Combination therapy, the association of an anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) to an immunosuppressant, is recognized as the most effective treatment during Crohn's disease (CD). Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain the superiority of combination therapy over monotherapy, the additive effect of two effective drugs or the prevention of anti-TNF immunogenicity. As the best combination therapy is unknown, both azathioprine (AZA) and methotrexate (MTX) are used. Some retrospective studies suggest a higher effectiveness of AZA. MTX may have an advantage in terms of safety. The investigators hypothesize that AZA is more...
Comparison of Quality of Life With or Without Automatic Seton Placement in Perianal Crohn's Fistula
In patients with Crohn's disease, anal fistulas are usually treated in three stages: 1) close examination of the fistula and drainage with a seton, 2) pharmacological treatment of the inflammatory component, and 3) closure of the fistulous tract by a sphincter-sparing technique. Setons are used to ensure the permeability of the fistulous tract, to decrease the rate of re-intervention due to the formation of new abscesses or tracts. A seton is a small, often elastic, thread used for drainage. It is inserted into the fistulous tract, passing from the external orifice of the fistula (close to the anus or, in some cases, the vaginal) ...
Contrast Enhanced Ultrasound in Human Crohn's Disease-Lumason
The investigators plan to compare contrast-enhanced ultrasound to CT and MRI for the detection and quantification of intestinal inflammation in the the setting of pediatric small bowel Crohns disease
Control Crohn Safe Trial
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic disease with a heterogeneous clinical presentation, relapse rate and treatment response. Insufficient control of mucosal inflammation results in irreversible bowel damage and complications and at present no markers are available to predict such a complicated disease course at diagnosis. Therefore, to prevent overtreatment of low risk patients, step-up treatment with subsequent introduction of corticosteroids, thiopurines maintenance and TNF-blockers if a previous category fails is standard care. Combination treatment with thiopurines and a TNF-blocker is more effective than monotherapy but associated...
CT to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Adding GMA to Infliximab in Paediatric Patients With Steroid-refractory Ulcerative Colitis
The primary endpoint will be evaluated through the following variables: PUCAI score, IFX levels, and steroid treatment. Clinical response to IFX will be evaluated through the PUCAI score. The response will be considered clinically significant if PUCAI points continue maintained below 30 during the study period. The IFX response will also be determined by IFX serum levels. A therapeutic IFX level, i.e. for achieving an adequate clinical response, is established above 6 μg/mL. Finally, the necessity, or not, of a steroid treatment during the study period will also be indicative of successful efficacy with GMA.
Data Collection Study of Patients With Non-Malignant Disorders Undergoing UCBT, BMT or PBSCT With RIC
This is a data collection study that will examine the general diagnostic and treatment data associated with the reduced-intensity chemotherapy-based regimen paired with simple alemtuzumab dosing strata designed to prevented graft failure and to aid in immune reconstitution following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Decoding Personalized Nutritional, Microbiome and Host Patterns Impacting Clinical and Prognostic Features in Crohn's Disease
The study is 3 arms observational study with no intervention that aims to understand the link between Crohn's disease, microbiome and diet in children. 150 children newly diagnosed with Crohn's disease will participate in the study and their data will be used to create an algorithm about their microbiome, disease, diet, etc. 100 other children newly diagnosed will participate in the study and their data will be use to validate the algorithm. The investigators will be recruiting 50 healthy participants: 20 that are undergoing an endoscopy for abdominal pain and 30 that comes to the physician for different reasons. After...
Defining Predictors of RT Response to Vedolizumab in IBD
The overall goal of the study is to develop data that can convincingly guide clinicians on the use and efficacy of vedolizumab in patients with small bowel CD. There is an unmet need to identify response to vedolizumab in small bowel CD using objective endpoints. Current data suggest that MR enterography may meet this unmet need. There is an additional unmet need to develop predictive models incorporating both clinical and baseline radiological and endoscopic variables with higher discriminatory performance in identifying longer term clinical remission with vedolizumab. Finally, this proposal is strengthened by the exploratory...
Detection of Herpesvirus DNA (CMV, EBV, HHV-6 and HSV) in Colonic Tissue: Impact on Ulcerative Colitis Flare-up
Flare-up of ulcerative colitis (UC) is characterized by the inflammation of colon mucosa that requires the use of immunosuppressive therapies. In previous studies, the active role of cytomegalovirus (CMV) has been demonstrated, with a correlation between the cytomegalovirus DNA ((deoxyribonucleic acid) load in the inflamed tissue and the resistance to successive lines of immunosuppressive therapy (Roblin et al., Am J Gastroenterol 2011). The main aim of this monocentric prospective study is to evaluate the DNA viral load by qPCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) of 3 herpesviruses (Epstein-Barr virus, herpes virus 6 and herpes simplex) ...
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