TAK-018 for Prevention of the Recurrence of Postoperative Crohn's Disease (CD)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of TAK-018 in reducing endoscopic recurrence of intestinal inflammation in postoperative participants with CD after a planned laparoscopic ileocecal resection with primary anastomosis.
TAMIS-IPAA vs. Lap-IPAA for Ulcerative Colitiis
The objective of this RCT is to compare the postoperative outcome of transanal versus transabdominal minimally invasive proctectomy with ileal pouch-annal anastomosis in patients with ulcerative colitis.
"Tasty&Healthy" Dietary Approach for Crohn's Disease
Despite the advent of multiple novel medications, many patients with Crohn's disease (CD) fail to achieve mucosal healing (MH). Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) has been shown to induce clinical remission accompanied by MH in many of CD patients. The aim of this proposal is to explore the effectiveness of the "Tasty&Healthy" dietary approach based on avoiding "pro-inflammatory" and processed ingredients, for inducing and maintaining remission and MH in children and young adults. This approach is based on the previously published charity cook-book "Tasty&Healthy" and might be more feasible than currently available nutritional treatments in...
TD-1473 Long-Term Safety (LTS) Ulcerative Colitis (UC) Study
A 3-Year Multi-Center, Long-Term Safety (LTS) Study to Evaluate the Safety and Tolerability of TD-1473 in Subjects with Ulcerative Colitis who have participated in the Maintenance Study of Protocol 0157
TDM Guided Early Optimization of ADAL in Crohn's Disease
To investigate the influence of early therapeutic drug monitoring and dose optimization on disease outcome in Crohn's patients treated with Adalimumab.
The ADDapt Diet in Reducing Crohn's Disease Inflammation
Crohn's disease (CD) results in chronic intestinal inflammation, is of increasing incidence both in the developed and developing world and has a marked impact on patient quality of life. The prevalence of CD is 10.6 per 100,000 people in the UK and represents a significant annual financial burden of around €16.7 million in Europe. A wide range of nutrients and food components have been investigated for their role in the pathogenesis and course of CD. A common theme suggests that CD risk is associated with a "Western diet", including high fat, high sugar and processed foods. However, intervention studies that exclude specific aspects of the...
The Biologic Onset of Crohn's Disease: A Screening Study in First Degree Relatives
Pursuing very early diagnosis is standard of care for several diseases including colon cancer, diabetes and liver disease where an early and aggressive diagnostic and therapeutic approach has been shown to change their natural history. Crohn's disease [CD] still lags since commonly at presentation CD has already run a long course, often responding poorly to therapy or requiring surgery. This innovative project proposes a minimally invasive strategy - capsule endoscopy-based screening of first degree relatives [FDR's] of CD patients - to develop tools to diagnose CD at or near its biologic onset.
The Comparison Between the Biomarkers in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients and General Control Group
The aims of this study is to investigate a blood-based biomarker that can replace endoscopy in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. For this purpose, blood sample of patients wiht inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis, Crohn 's disease) was collected at the same time the endoscopy is performed, stored after centrifugation, and analyzed accordingly. Selected biomarkers from the blood sample were investigated to compare those of patients with inflammatory bowel disease and those of general controls. Males and females over the age of 19 participated in the study and are excluded if they have chronic kidney disease or blood ...
The CURE - CD Trial
A prospective randomized three-arms controlled trial of Crohn's Disease (CD) patients in remission of <24 months duration. Patients will undergo screening by Magnetic Resonance Enterography (MRE) and patency capsule, and (if agreeing by separate consent) a baseline colonoscopy. Patients in whom patency of small bowel is proven will undergo video-capsule using the dedicated Inflammatory-Bowel Disease (IBD)-capsule (PillCam Crohn's). Patients with Lewis score>350 for worst small bowel segment will be classified as high-risk and will be randomized for continued standard treatment or proactive treatment. Proactive treatment will consist of...
The Ecological Role of Yeasts in the Human Gut
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) (categorised into Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC)) are chronic gut disorders with debilitating symptoms that profoundly impact quality of life, healthcare systems and the economy through lost work days. IBS is common with a prevalence of up to 22%, whereas IBD has a prevalence of 0.3% for CD and 0.5% for UC in Europe. Despite a suggested immunological and genetic aspect of IBD, the causes of IBS and IBD are unknown, however, both have been linked to yeasts in the gut. Due to their lower abundance (constituting only around 0.1% of the total microorganisms...