The Effects of Parenteral ω-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid on Postoperative Complications of Patients With Crohn's Disease
This study is intended to investigate the safety and efficacy of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid-based parenteral nutrition (PN) for patients with Crohn's disease.
The ENIGMA Study: Eastern Inflammatory Bowel Disease Gut Microbiota
The incidence of inflammatory bowel diseases, (IBD) including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is increasing in the developing world. Our recent Asia-Pacific population-based study in 8 Asian countries and Australia has demonstrated that Hong Kong and China have amongst the highest disease incidences in Asia while Australia has the equal highest incidence of these diseases in the world. The ENIGMA project comprises three main enteric microbiome domains of central importance to Crohn's disease. Two specific organisms which may play a critical role in disease pathogenesis, including the candidate protective bacterium, and...
The Impact of 6MP Metabolite Levels on Infliximab Pharmacokinetics and Anti-infliximab Antibodies in Crohn's Disease
In this research proposal, the investigators will focus on methods to optimize the therapeutic response to anti-TNF antibodies, by determining a correlation of 6-mp metabolite levels with IFX trough levels, anti-IFX antibody levels and clinical response. The study will also evaluate (in vitro) the possible impact of vitamin D on the interaction of IFX with dendritic cells in both healthy subjects and patients with Crohn's disease (proliferation, maturation, cytokine profile, apoptosis, gene expression).
The Influence of a Fasting Mimicking Diet on Ulcerative Colitis
The purpose of this study is to see how a diet that mimics fasting effects inflammation in patients with mild to moderate Ulcerative Colitis (UC). The diet may allow users to receive the benefits of fasting while also being able to enjoy food (the ingredients of which are GRAS (generally recognized as safe) by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Research on dietary interventions and UC are very limited. Fasting mimicking diets (FMD) have been studied with support of the National Institute of Health and published in leading journals. This research investigates whether markers of inflammation decrease and/or quality of life increases...
The Intensive Post Exclusive Enteral Nutrition Study
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory condition with phases where the disease is active and other, where there are no symptoms. Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN), a liquid only diet without allowance of any extra food, is the main treatment for children with active CD. However, when children stop the liquid diet and return to their normal diet, most of them will experience an increase in their gut inflammation, mostly without symptoms initially. The aim of this study is to investigate this phenomenon by exploring if diet and gut bacteria play a role. Furthermore, the investigators aim to test whether a new, ordinary food-based ...
The IUSS Crohn's Study: A Feasibility Study
The aim of this study is to evaluate if an intraoperative protocol for Ultrasound scan (USS) is feasible and safe in patients undergoing elective surgery for ileocolic CD. The results of this study could guide the development of a larger randomised trial.
The Promotion Plan of Moxibustion on Ulcerate Colitis
To evaluate the efficacy of Moxibustion in the treatment of Ulcerative Colitis, thus the scientific foundation for rational use of Moxibustion in clinical usage, in order to find admission of the Acupuncture and Moxibustion and even medicine field, accomplish popularization and application.
Therapeutic Modulation of the Intestinal Creatine Kinase System in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
This study plans to learn more about the effects that creatine monohydrate has on disease activity in ulcerative colitis. Creatine is a substance that is naturally produced by the body and is found in foods, such as meat and fish. Creatine helps to provide energy to some body tissues, such as the colon. In the colon, this energy allows cells to form a tight barrier between molecules in digested food and bacteria and the body's infection-fighting cells within the colon underneath this barrier. If the barrier becomes "leaky" molecules may pass through and lead to inflammation. This "leakiness" may contribute to the colon inflammation seen in...
Therapeutic Optimization Study Based on MR Enterocolonography in Patients With Crohn's Disease
This randomized, controlled study aims to evaluate the impact of therapeutic intervention (step up) for the patients who are clinical remission with Magnetic Resonance Enterocolonography (MREC) active. In addition, to evaluate the impact of therapeutic step down for the patients who archived clinical and MREC remission. The primary endpoint is the rate of clinical remission at 104 weeks.
The Role of CD4+ T Cell Subsets in the Mechanism of Action of Vedolizumab in Ulcerative Colitis
The cause of Inflammatory Bowl Disease (IBD) is not known, but studies from patients with IBD have found that these patients make unusually strong immune responses to their own intestinal tissues and to bacteria that normally live in the healthy gut. These overactive immune responses might result from an imbalance of T-lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cell that recognize and respond to threats like infection or damaged tissues. In healthy tissues, a type of T-lymphocytes called T-regulatory cells control excess inflammation by preventing other T cells, called T-effector cells from responding. We believe that T-regulatory cells...