Treatment of Perianal Disease Using Adipose-derived Stem Cells
This study will compare healing and surgical outcomes in patients with chronic perianal disease treated with Adipose-derived Stem Cells (ASCs) to outcomes in patients treated in traditional surgical techniques without ASCs. The study will perform retrospective medical record analysis to clinically characterize patients that have undergone these surgical procedures and compare follow-up data and disease status to determine efficacy of treatment with ASCs compared to similar treatments without the use of ASCs. This will help determine overall efficacy of the treatment as well as determine patient characteristics that may predict treatment...
Treg Immunotherapy in Crohn's Disease
Crohn's Disease (CD) is a condition that causes inflammation of the digestive system or gut. Crohn's can affect any part of the gut, though the most common area affected is the end of the ileum (the last part of the small intestine), or the colon. Crohn's is a chronic condition. This means that it is ongoing and life-long, although patients may have periods of good health (remission), as well as times when symptoms are more active (relapses or flare-ups). Current available therapies frequently fail to maintain long-term remission and may be complicated by significant side effects. There is an unmet medical need for novel therapies....
Trial Evaluating the Efficacy of Systemic Mesenchymal Stromal Cell (MSC) Injections for the Treatment of Severe and Chronic Radiotherapy-induced Abdomino-pelvic Complications (Pelvic Radiation Disease, PRD) Refractory to Standard Therapy
Patients receiving radiation therapy are still at risk for side effects due to off-target radiation damage of normal tissues The number of cancer patients is expected to increase from 14.1 million around the world in 2012 to 19.3 million in 2025. Up to ten percent will develop late severe gastrointestinal complications (i.e. Pelvic Radiation Disease - PRD). Symptoms are proctopathy (5-20%) and radiation-induced cystitis (3,5%) that affect quality of life. The treatment of PRD is limited to managing the symptoms; new alternatives should be proposed. Clinical trials using MSCs to treat hemorrhagic cystitis, proctopathy have demonstrated the ...
Trial of Antimicrobials Versus Placebo in Addition to Fecal Transplant Therapy in Ulcerative Colitis
The investigators will test the hypothesis that giving antibiotics prior to fecal transplant therapy for active UC increases the proportion of patients in remission at the end of treatment. The investigators will randomize patients aged 18 or over with active UC to antibiotics (metronidazole 500mg, doxycycline 100mg, Terbinafine 250 mg, all twice daily for two weeks); or identical placebo. At the end of two weeks the investigators will give all patients fecal transplant therapy twice per week for eight weeks from the donor whose stool showed most efficacy in the trial (donor B). Patients will complete a validated UC questionnaire, have a...
Trial of Specific Carbohydrate and Mediterranean Diets to Induce Remission of Crohn's Disease
This protocol is designed to compare the effectiveness of two dietary interventions for patients with Crohn's disease (CD): the Specific Carbohydrate Diet (SCD) and a Mediterranean style diet (MSD) that has been demonstrated to have numerous other health benefits. The two diets will be compared in terms of their ability to resolve both the symptoms and bowel inflammation that characterize this debilitating disease.
Triple Combination Therapy in High Risk Crohn's Disease (CD)
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of triple combination therapy with an anti-integrin (vedolizumab intravenous [IV]), a tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonist (adalimumab subcutaneously [SC]), and an immunomodulator (oral methotrexate) on endoscopic remission in participants with newly-diagnosed CD stratified at higher risk for complications.
Two Therapeutic Strategies for the Maintenance of Remission in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis
Ulcerative colitis patients treated with Infliximab (IFX) in deep remission after at least 12 months of treatment will be randomized to continue IFX or to stop IFX and start Azathioprine (AZA). Each patient will be followed for 12 months.
Ulcerative Colitis Relapse Prevention by Prebiotics
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a relapsing chronic intestinal inflammation with no existing cure, that affects over 300 per 100.000 Canadians, the highest prevalence in the world. The standard drug therapies are expensive and potentially toxic, and mostly directed against the chronic inflammatory process. UC is the result of a dysbiosis between disease-inducing and protective intestinal bacteria in a genetically susceptible host. Non-digestible dietary carbohydrates (NDC) stimulate the growth of protective endogenous intestinal bacteria which ferment them into short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), some of the latter with natural anti-inflammatory...
Ulcerative Colitis - Vedolizumab- With/Without Prior Exposure to Anti-TNF（Tumor Necrosis Factor）Therapy
A case-control study to evaluate the immunoinflammatory effect of prior exposure to anti-TNF therapy in patients with ulcerative colitis starting vedolizumab therapy
Understanding Abdominal Pain in IBD and IBS
Abdominal pain is a central symptom of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). IBD is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. IBS does not have clear biomarkers and is diagnosed based on symptom reports. The aim of this study is to explore biopsychosocial factors which may perpetuate and/or increase the severity of pain in these conditions. The main focus will be on the role of top-down brain processes in the experience of abdominal pain.