The objective of this quality improvement project is to increase the one year anastomotic integrity rate in patients having had completion proctectomy and pouch reconstruction for Ulcerative Colitis by the routine and quality controlled implementation of a multi-interventional program thereby improving long-term pouch function and survival.
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic recurrent intestinal inflammation involving the whole digestive tract, with high disability rate, high surgical rate and high recurrent rate postoperatively. Preventing postoperative recurrence in CD patients is an important clinical problem needed urgent intervention. Azathioprine (AZA) and infliximab (IFX) effectively prevent postoperative recurrence in CD patients, but the postoperative recurrence rate is still as high as 41%. Oral supplement of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) owns the advantages of high compliance and low economic cost. We aim to evaluate the effect of routine ...
This is a randomized, double-blind pilot study of Nicotinamide Riboside (NR) in Pediatric-onset Ulcerative Colitis (UC).
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether FMT by frozen stool capsules in pediatric UC patients in remission after corticosteroid treatment, can modify their dysbiotic gut microbiota by increasing the richness of their microbiota at 6 months.
This study aims to examine patient tolerability of personalized dietary fibre consumption recommendations (high-pectin diet versus high-B-fructan diet based on personalized responses), provided by an IBD dietician, based on our novel translational research findings.
Rationale: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic, debilitating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which is diagnosed during childhood in up to one in ten patients. The use of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α agents has significantly ameliorated CD management. Infliximab (IFX) is the first anti-TNF-α agent registered for pediatric CD. The current dosing recommendation of IFX is extrapolated from adult studies, and it is a weight-based dose (5 mg/kg) delivered during induction (infusion at weeks 0, 2, and 6) and maintenance (every 8 weeks). However, pediatric patients have a 25-40% lower drug exposure compared to adults, particularly ...
This study is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind study. There are three dosage groups: Hemay005 45 mg BID group, 60 mg BID group or placebo group, with 36 patients in each dosage group. All patients will enter a 12-week double-blind treatment period. All subjects who have received the investigational drug should be subjected to a 4-week observation after the end of treatment.
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an idiopathic, chronic inflammatory disease characterized by diffused inflammation of the colon and rectum mucosa; however, the exact underlying mechanisms of UC remain poorly understood. Also, it is associated with high risk of colon cancer, so there is a continuous need for introducing new therapies that decrease progression, and hence better outcomes
Approximately 3 million people in the United States are living with inflammatory bowel disease, which includes Crohn's Disease (CD). There are limited treatment options approved for use in children and adults with Crohn's disease. Physicians need better ways to inform decisions on treatment. The main reason for this research study is to determine if a computer program that calculates an individualized dose based on a patient's blood testing results (precision dosing) can better achieve the best possible response to infliximab compared to standard dosing (conventional dosing).
A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled parallel trial with two intervention arms and two placebo arms and a period of eight intervention weeks to validate the prediction that prebiotics could induce a higher response in mild UC patients with certain fecal microbiome signatures.