Antibiotics as an Adjuvant in Patients With Acute Severe Ulcerative Colitis
The study is planned as a randomised control trial to study the adjuvant use of antibiotics (ceftriaxone and metronidazole) to achieve a clinical response in hospitalised patients with acute severe ulcerative colitis
Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms
An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.
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|Eligible Ages||13 Years and Over|
Inclusion Criteria:- Acute severe ulcerative colitis as described in European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation (ECCO) guidelines (adapted from Truelove and Witts)
Exclusion Criteria:- Patients who deny consent - Age<=12 years - Pregnant or lactating women - Severe uncontrolled comorbidities like diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary artery disease, chronic liver disease, chronic kidney disease, etc - History of antibiotic use in the past one month, excluding those who may have received a single dose of antibiotic in past 24 hrs - History of hypersensitivity or contraindication to steroids or the test drugs - Presence of toxic megacolon as defined by transverse colon diameter more than 5.5cm on abdominal X-ray - Patients with evidence of sepsis or active infection
This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.
Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.
Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.
Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.
Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.
The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.
|Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research|
The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.
|Vishal SharmaShubhra Mishra|
|Principal Investigator Affiliation||Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and ResearchPostgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research|
Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.
The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.
|Ulcerative Colitis, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Acute Severe Colitis|
All patients with active ulcerative colitis who present to the Outpatient department or the emergency services of PGIMER shall be screened. Those patients who have acute severe ulcerative colitis shall be assessed for inclusion into the study. Patients who fulfil the eligibility criteria will be randomised into two groups. Group A will include patients in the intervention arm. They will be given intravenous antibiotics for three days. Injection ceftriaxone 1 gm will be prepared by reconstitution of the crystallized powder form in 100 ml of normal saline. This preparation will then be infused slowly over thirty minutes, after intradermal testing for hypersensitivity. Inj ceftriaxone 1gm IV will be given twelve hourly. Injection metronidazole 500 mg is available from pharmacies in solutions of 100 ml. It will be infused slowly over thirty minutes, three times per day, after intradermal testing for hypersensitivity. Both the drugs will be given for five days. In addition, they will receive the standard of care mentioned below. Group B will include patients from the placebo arm. They will be given the standard of care as mentioned below. In addition, they will be infused 0.9 % saline of similar quantity, colour, and from similarly shaped bottles, for three days after sensitivity testing with the saline. Detailed history and examination shall be done for all the patients. History regarding the stool output, any systemic symptoms, prior treatment history and history regarding any precipitant for the acute episode shall be taken. Examination will include vitals (pulse rate, blood pressure, temperature), general physical examination as well as an abdominal examination. All patients will undergo blood investigations on all three days. This includes a complete blood counts, kidney function tests, serum electrolytes, albumin, C-reactive protein, osteopontin, blood culture. Stool routine microscopic examination, fecal calprotectin, stool assay for clostridium difficile toxin will be done. X ray abdomen will be done on all three days to monitor the diameter of transverse colon. Patients will undergo an unprepared sigmoidoscopy with minimal air insufflation and mucosal biopsy. Biopsies will be taken for histological examination. Procalcitonin, fecal calprotectin and CRP shall be repeated on day 3 of admission. All patients will be prescribed the standard treatment for acute severe colitis, which includes intravenous steroids (Inj Hydrocortisone 100 mg IV QID or Inj Methyprednisolone 60 mg iv OD), anticoagulation, (Inj Unfractionated heparin 5000 IU S/C BD), intravenous fluid supplementation and correction of electrolytes. Patients will be allowed orally and will be prescribed a diet of 25-30 kcal /kg/day.
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