Clinical Study of Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells in the Treatment of Moderate and Severe Crohn's Disease

Study Purpose

This is a prospective, single-arm, open-ended study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of human umbilical cord MSCs in the treatment of refractory moderate-to-severe Crohn's disease. The study protocol is either MSC injection into the patient's diseased intestinal mucosa or intravenous MSC injection + MSC injection into the patient's diseased intestinal mucosa. Follow-up time points were pre-treatment (week 0), week 4, week 8, week 12, and week 24 post-treatment, and the primary evaluation at follow-up was the number of subjects with clinical and endoscopic response or remission.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 18 Years - 70 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Subjects aged between 18 and 70 years (including borderline values), of either sex. 2. Subjects with a comprehensive diagnosis of Crohn's disease for more than 3 months based on the patient's clinical presentation, endoscopy, imaging and pathology, with reference to the Consensus Opinion on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in China (2018-Beijing). 3. Failure to respond to existing conventional therapy, or to primary or secondary treatment with TNF alpha monoclonal antibody, vedolizumab or ustekinumabd. 4. Current Crohn's disease with a Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) score ≥ 220 and ≤ 450. 5. Evidence of active inflammation and ulceration confirmed by endoscopy during screening. 6. Subjects must be free of active, latent, or undertreated Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. 7. All women of childbearing potential and all men must be willing to use at least one highly effective method of contraception at the time of signing the consent form and throughout the study period until 1 month after the last dose of study drug. 8. Subjects who are willing and able to undergo treatment and follow-up, laboratory tests, and other study procedures as planned. 9. Subjects who are able to sign (and date) an informed consent form indicating that the subject has been informed of all relevant parts of the study. 10. Subjects receiving non-disabling combination therapy for any reason must maintain a stable treatment regimen, defined as no stem cell therapy given or no dose change within 7 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to the initial stem cell injection.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Presence of a complication of Crohn's disease, such as short bowel syndrome or any other manifestation that might be expected to require surgery, that prevents the use of CDAI to assess treatment response, or that might confound the assessment of the efficacy of MSC therapy. 2. Current abscess or suspected abscess. If the abscess has drained and been adequately treated 3 weeks prior to baseline (skin and perianal abscesses) and 8 weeks prior to baseline (intra-abdominal abscesses) then no exclusion is necessary. The prerequisite is that no further surgical treatment is anticipated. Subjects may be enrolled in the study if they have an active fistula that is not expected to require surgery and is confirmed to be abscess-free. 3. Subjects with evidence of pathogenic intestinal infection. Subjects with Clostridium difficile or other intestinal infections within 30 days of endoscopic screening, or subjects who screen positive for C. difficile toxin assay or other pathogens. 4. Subjects with total bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) above 2 times the upper limit of normal at the screening visit. Patients with cirrhosis will be excluded. 5. Subjects with eGFR ≤ 60 mL/min (as calculated by Cockcroft-Gault) or patients receiving hemodialysis. 6. Subjects with a current or clinically significant infection within 1 month prior to baseline, or history of more than one prior occurrence of herpes zoster, disseminated zoster (one occurrence) and other infections that the investigator believes may be exacerbated by participation in the study, or any infection requiring antimicrobial therapy within 2 weeks of screening. 7. Subjects who may currently be receiving any live virus vaccination or who have received any live virus vaccination within 8 weeks prior to baseline. 8. Subjects with a first-degree relative with a hereditary immunodeficiency. 9. History of any lymphoid proliferative disease (e.g., EBV-associated lymphoid proliferative disease), lymphoma, leukemia, myeloproliferative disease, multiple myeloma, or signs and symptoms suggestive of presenting lymphoid system disease. 10. Subjects who have received prior treatment with any lymphocyte depleting agent/therapy. Subjects with prior treatment with rituximab or other selective B lymphocyte depleting agents, but who have not received such treatment for at least 1 year prior to baseline, are eligible for the study. 11. Pregnant or lactating women or female subjects who are pregnant during planned enrollment in the study. 12. Prior history of alcohol or drug abuse and less than 6 months of abstinence prior to baseline. 13. Subjects with clinically relevant abnormalities confirmed by 12-lead ECG during the screening period that would affect their safety if enrolled in this study or affect the interpretation of the study results. 14. Subjects who have donated more than 500 mL of blood in the 2 months prior to baseline. 15. Subjects who have experienced major trauma or undergone major surgery within 4 weeks of the screening visit. 16. Subjects with a body temperature ≥38°C during the screening period or baseline period. 17. Subjects with malignancy or a history of malignancy. 18. Subjects infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus. 19. Subjects who, in the opinion of the investigator, are uncooperative or unable to comply with the study procedures. 20. Any other condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would render the subject unsuitable for enrollment in the study. 21. Subjects with preexisting or current clinically significant cardiovascular, neurological, psychiatric, renal, hepatic, immunological, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, neurological, musculoskeletal, cutaneous, sensory, endocrine (including uncontrolled diabetes or thyroid disease) or uncontrolled hematological abnormalities. "Clinically significant" is defined as a subject whose participation in the study would, in the opinion of the investigator, pose a risk to the safety of the subject or whose disease/condition would be exacerbated during the study in a manner that would affect the validity or safety analysis.

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Shanghai East Hospital
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Lan Zhong, MD
Principal Investigator Affiliation Shanghai East Hospital
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Not yet recruiting
Countries China

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Crohn Disease
Additional Details

This is a prospective, single-arm, open study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of human umbilical cord MSCs in the treatment of refractory moderate-to-severe Crohn's disease. The study will be conducted as follows: a total of 40 patients will be recruited and will receive either MSC injection into the diseased intestinal mucosa or intravenous MSC injection + MSC injection into the diseased intestinal mucosa. The proportion of patients with clinical and endoscopic response or remission will be used as the primary evaluation for follow-up. The Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI) was used to assess the severity of CD disease, with CDAI <150 considered to be in clinical remission; a decrease in CDAI ≥70 was considered to be clinically effective, also referred to as clinical response. Endoscopic response was defined as at least 50% improvement in the simplified endoscopic score for Crohn's disease (SES-CD) from baseline, and endoscopic remission was defined as a SES-CD score ≤2.

Arms & Interventions


Experimental: MSCs local treatment group/combined treatment group

In the local treatment group, 60 million umbilical cord MSCs were injected into the diseased intestinal mucosa on the first day. In the combined treatment group, 60 million umbilical cord MSCs were injected into the diseased intestinal mucosa on the first day; on the second day, 1 million cells/kg of body weight were administered intravenously.


Biological: - Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells

MSCs treatment by intestinal submucosal injection/MSCs treatment by intravenous drip + MSCs treatment by intestinal submucosal injection

Contact a Trial Team

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International Sites

Shanghai East Hospital, Shanghai, Pudong New Area, China



Shanghai East Hospital

Shanghai, Pudong New Area,

Site Contact

Lan Zhong


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