Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Pediatric Crohn's Disease

Study Purpose

This study will test the safety and effectiveness of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) plus partial enteral nutrition (PEN) in refractory pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) who have failed conventional treatment

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 2 Years - 16 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Aged 2-16 years and without genetic diseases; All refractory pediatric with mild-to-moderate CD; Mild-to-moderate CD, defined by the pediatric Crohn's disease activity index (PCDAI) >10 and ≤40 and Simple Endoscopic Score for CD (SES-CD) > 3 were enrolled in the study; refractory CD, defined by children who failed conventional treatment (hormone, immunosuppressant, biologics) Exclusion Criteria Children who were treated by PEN (80%) less than 8 weeks; follow up less than 3 months; known contraindication to all FMT infusion method such as nasoduodenal tube insertion, oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy (OGD), enteroscopy, colonoscopy and enema; unwilling to give informed consent/assent

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Biao Zou
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Sainan Shu, MD, PhD
Principal Investigator Affiliation Tongji Hospital
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries China

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Crohn Disease
Additional Details

Recent studies have suggested that gut imbalance and deregulation of immunological responses plays a pivotal role in the disease development of Crohn's disease (CD), and that FMT could be a useful treatment. Our study is aims to repeated and multiple FMTs plus PEN in the treatment of refractory pediatric CD. In the induction stage of CD, standard therapy remained unchanged, FMT and PEN were added, and FMT was given 3 courses, 3 times per course. In the maintaining stage, FMT was performed every 3 months, with the same 3 times of FMT treatment for each course, and the withdrawal of conventional drug therapy was gradually reduced. Refractory CD was defined as refractory to standard therapy (e.g., steroids, immunomodulators, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, or anti-TNF agents).

Arms & Interventions


Experimental: Repeated and multiple FMTs plus PEN

repeated and multiple FMTs plus PEN(50% of total calories as polymeric diet, Peptamen, Nestle, Vevey, Switzerland) in refractory pediatric CD


Other: - Standardized FMT

Fecal microbiota transplantation of fresh bacteria from healthy donor to the whole colon

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

International Sites

Tongji Hospital, Wuhan, Hubei, China




Tongji Hospital

Wuhan, Hubei, 430030

Site Contact

Biao Zou, doctor